ACBL District 21 From the Golden Gate
to the Silver City
District Director Report

Honolulu ACBL Board of Directors Meeting — Fall 2018

By Jackie Zayac

It had been several years since I had spent time in Honolulu. It was great to again experience the balmy weather, hula dancing and the beauty of the Island of Oahu and its people. Here is a view of sunset at the Hilton Hawaiian Village where the tournament was held:



Once again, I have some wonderful news to share with District 21.




These are very special ACBL awards and I would like to congratulate Mark Sorenson, Michael Rosenberg and Debbie Rosenberg for being selected to receive them. Thank you all for all you do for bridge. We are proud and so fortunate to have you as members of District 21!


The Nadine Wood ACBL Volunteer Member of the Year award was given to Shawn Stringer from District 6.


Election of ACBL President - We elected Russ Jones, District 10, as our new ABCL President for 2019. He was elected by acclamation which I understand rarely happens.


WBF Representative Election – Al Levy, District 24 Director, and Robert Hartman, former ACBL CEO were selected to be ACBL Representatives on the World Bridge Federation for three-year terms beginning January 1, 2019.

The Board of Governors sent forward a request for reconsideration of the following motion which failed 12-13 at the Atlanta Board Meeting:


GNT Special Conditions of Contest – If there are at least eight (8) teams competing in the B or C Flight in the District Final, a second team would be considered eligible to compete in the National Final of their respective category. A player may represent the district in only one flight at the national final. Eligible extra teams in the national final will not be subsidized in any way by the ACBL.

I am thrilled to report that this time the motion carried by a vote of 14-10-1. I voted yes again. This motion will impact our District and I look forward to having two teams in Flight B and Flight C to represent us in future GNT National Finals. It is effective September 1, 2019.


Barring cheaters who have been expelled from the ACBL from ever participating

in an ACBL activity - Under no circumstances will the ACBL Board of Directors hear a

request for readmission regarding an Expulsion or second resignation to avoid possible

disciplinary actions or combination thereof.


The vote was 4-20-1. I voted no because I would like it to target collusive cheaters.


CDR (Code of Disciplinary Regulations) 2.2.3 Original/Appellate Jurisdiction of the ACBL Board of Directors – Section 2.2.3(d) was changed to correct an omission in the CDR rewrite as underlined below to:


When (i) in the opinion of both a District Board and the ACBL Board of Directors (who must agree) circumstances make it impractical or unfair for (1) Charges to be heard by the District or Unit disciplinary committee that would ordinarily hear such Charges or (2) a Complaint to be submitted to the Charging Party of a Unit or District which would ordinarily hear the matter if Charges were brought or …


The vote was 25-0. It is effective January 1, 2019.


BSAF KO Bracket Changes - A KO event may be scheduled with the first two sessions played as a Round Robin or Swiss to qualify four teams to the semifinals and finals played over the next two sessions. The current Bracket Size Adjustment Factors for KO Team events are replaced by those in the following charts and the rules following the charts apply to the play and awarding of Masterpoints in the semifinal and final matches.


Bracket Size Adjustment Factor (BSAF) Changes




Top Bracket of an Unlimited KO with 2+ Brackets


Teams in

Current

New BSAF

%

New BSAF

%


Bracket

BSAF

4 rounds

Increase

3 rounds

Increase


16

1.000

1.000

1.00




15

0.960

0.970

1.01




14

0.920

0.940

1.02




13

0.880

0.910

1.03




12

0.840

0.880

1.05




11

0.800

0.850

1.06




10

0.760

0.820

1.08




9

0.720

0.790

1.10

0.760

1.06


8

0.600

0.760

1.27

0.700

1.17


7

0.525

0.730

1.39

0.640

1.22


6

0.450

0.700

1.56

0.580

1.29


5

0.375

0.670

1.79

0.520

1.39









Second and Subsequent Brackets of an Unlimited KO


Teams in

Current

New BSAF

%

New BSAF

%


Bracket

BSAF

4 rounds

Increase

3 rounds

Increase


16

1.000

1.000

1.00

 

 


15

0.960

0.965

1.01

 

 


14

0.920

0.930

1.01

 

 


13

0.880

0.895

1.02

 

 


12

0.840

0.860

1.02

 

 


11

0.800

0.825

1.03

 

 


10

0.760

0.790

1.04

 

 


9

0.720

0.755

1.05

0.735

1.02


8

0.600

0.720

1.20

0.680

1.13


7

0.525

0.685

1.30

0.625

1.19


6

0.450

0.650

1.44

0.570

1.27


5

0.375

0.615

1.64

0.515

1.37



When Round Robin played to Q 4 teams to KO:

5 or 6 teams in RR


Semifinal losers may play off for 3rd place

If played, 3rd pays 35% of 1st, 4th pays 20% 1st

If not played, no ranks, both teams get 20% of 1st



Gold

Red

7 or 8 teams in RR


Semifinal losers may play off for 3rd place

If played 3rd pays 45% of 1st, 4th pays 35% of 1st

If not played, no ranks, both teams get 20%



Gold

Red

9+ teams in RR


Semifinal losers need not play off, both are ¾

If played, 3rd pays 45% of 1st, 4th pays 35% of 1st


Gold

Gold



The sponsor may stipulate that, as a condition of contest, the 3/4 playoff exists. If the sponsor so stipulates, and one team pays to play but the other team forfeits, ranks and awards for 3rd and 4th apply as if played, by RR size, as above. The sponsor may stipulate that all semifinalists pay for both matches up front.


The vote was 25-0. A second reading of the motion is required.


Masterpoints for Regular Club Games – This section of the Masterpoints Book was revised as follows:


Masterpoints for Regular Club Games

A sanctioned club game awards masterpoints to approximately 40% of the contestants in each session. Section awards for all games (open, invitational, restricted, and newcomer) are based on the number of pairs, teams, or individuals in each group.

The size or denomination of a masterpoint award is determined by a formula that takes into account the level of competition and the number of tables.


CALCULATING THE AWARDS

Section awards for all games (open, invitational, restricted and newcomer) are based on the number of pairs, teams or individuals in each group. For example, an eight-table Mitchell movement is two groups of eight pairs. A five-table Howell movement is one group of ten pairs. In a Mitchell movement, a half table will be treated as though it were a full table. For example, seven and a half tables would be eight pairs in each group while a five and a half table Howell is eleven pairs in the comparison group. Depth of awards is 40% times the number of pairs in the comparison group, rounded to the nearest whole number with .5 rounded up. For overall awards, a half table is counted as a full table.

A. OPEN GAME AWARDS

Open games award .10 MP per table for first place in each group. The second place award is 70% of 1st, third is 50% of 1st, fourth is 35%, fifth is 1/5 and sixth is 1/6, etc. This applies to all open sections for pair, and individual games. The maximum section award is 1.50 masterpoints. Stratified pairs may be conducted with two or three strata. The lower strata may have any upper masterpoint limitations suitable for a club, with masterpoint awards calculated as if they were independent restricted games. For section awards, the lowest strata must have at least three pairs. For overall awards, the lowest strata must have five pairs, regardless of movement.


MARGIN FOR RANKING FINISHERS

Score adjustments, carryovers and raw scores will be rounded to two decimal places, with .01 constituting a margin of separation for ranking and masterpoints. Any margin between contestants will be sufficient separation for purposes of qualification.

2.  SEEDING

Seeding means specifically seating strong pairs (or weak pairs) in a manner such that, relative to the movement, every contestant plays against a group of opponents of approximately the same strength. In a one-section event, both directions should be balanced. In a multi-section event, all fields should be balanced. In two-session events, the balance should be maintained for both sessions.

If there is an active effort to seat all strong pairs in one direction and the weak pairs in the other, the session must be classified as an invitational/restricted game. Further, if all strong pairs are seated in one section and all weak pairs in another, the strong section qualifies as open, and the other section becomes restricted/invitational.

Seeding is not mandatory for any regular masterpoint games. All seating may be random by luck of the draw or on a first-come, first-served basis. Regular masterpoint games generally are not seeded, but all events with club championship or higher rating should be

seeded.

3. AWARDS FOR TIED POSITIONS

When two pairs tie for the same position, the appropriate individual masterpoint awards are determined by adding the masterpoints for that position and the next lower position; the members of each pair then receive half of that total. If three pairs tie for a position, the masterpoints for that position and the next two lower positions are added, and the members of each pair receive one-third of that total. In the unlikely event that four or more pairs tie for the same position, this mathematical procedure continues to the appropriate level to determine the masterpoint awards for the members of each pair.

When there is a two-way tie for the last position awarding masterpoints, the next lower award is calculated. This is added to the last place award, and the sum is divided between the two pairs.

4. NUMBER OF BOARDS

An open pair game must have a minimum of two and a half tables. A two table individual with a one winner movement or a two table team game (match awards only) is allowed. In any open club game, every contestant must be scheduled to play a minimum of 18 boards to receive full masterpoint awards.

Sanctioned clubs may hold shortened regular open games with a minimum number of boards played of 12 - 17. Masterpoints are awarded at 60% of the award for open games.


B. INVITATIONAL/RESTRICTED GAMES AWARDS

INVITATIONAL GAMES

An invitational game is one that limits or places restrictions (other than masterpoint holding) on who can participate in its events. Some common restrictions include:


Members and guests of the organization that holds the sanction (such as country club or fraternal organization).

Personnel (and their families and guests) of industries that are currently participating in commercial and industrial leagues

Sections or directions segregated according to strong and weak pairs

Strong players forbidden to play as partners

Husbands and wives only

Life Masters excluded or required to play with non-Life Masters

Members of one sex only


Eligibility may be restricted for any reason except those that violate ACBL regulations.

Invitational games award .08 masterpoint per pair for first place in each group. Other placements are based on the same percentages as for Open clubs. The maximum section award is 1.20 masterpoints. The same awards are used for men’s/women’s, mixed, pro-am and senior games in both Open and Invitational clubs.

2. RESTRICTED GAMES

A restricted game is one that limits participation based upon the masterpoint holding of the participants. An upper limit is defined for the game and no player holding more than that value should be allowed to participate. In limited circumstances, a player holding more than the limit may be allowed to participate (such as to fill a half table), but the pair in question are ineligible to earn masterpoints.

Restricted games determine their first place awards using a scale value based upon the masterpoint limitation of the game, multiplied by the pairs in each group. Other placements are based on the same percentages as for Open clubs.

The scale values per masterpoint limitation are as follows:


Upper Limit Multiplier

300 or more masterpoints but not Open 0.8

200 masterpoints 0.7

50 masterpoints 0.6

20 masterpoints 0.5

10 masterpoints 0.4

5 masterpoints 0.3


If a club elects to use limits between the defined values, the multiplier used is that for the lower limit value. So, a game with a 100 masterpoint limit would use the same 0.6 multiplier as a game with a 50 masterpoint limit.


NEWCOMER GAME AWARDS

A newcomer game is limited to players who hold fewer than 20 masterpoints, although a club can set a lower maximum, such as one masterpoint, if it so desires. A newcomer game is conducted to acquaint new players with duplicate bridge and to encourage participation by inexperienced players.


A newcomer pair game must consist of at least two and a half tables. However, there are masterpoint awards for two table newcomer games conducted as individuals or team games. Participants must be scheduled to play a minimum of six boards.

ACBL recognizes that some relatively skilled players, through failure to register their club masterpoints, retain masterpoint eligibility to participate in newcomer events inappropriate to their skill and/or experience. When the director or club management determines that the ability of a player is vastly superior to that of the other newcomer game participants, the club may refuse entry of that player in its newcomer events. In such a case, the director should advise the player, as diplomatically as possible, that he or she is too proficient to play in the newcomer game. The director should encourage the player instead to participate in the club’s games with a higher masterpoint limitation or the open games.


PLAYERS WITH 20 OR MORE MASTERPOINTS

Subject to specified conditions, a club may allow one or two players who hold 20 or more masterpoints to play in a newcomer game. This would be the case when there is a single newcomer player available whose participation would eliminate a half table movement. For example, if there were 13 pairs plus one single, there would be a six and a half table game which, by adding a player, would become seven tables. In this instance, the club may allow one non-newcomer to play.

In addition, when there are an odd number of newcomer pairs entered, resulting in a half table movement, the club may allow two non-newcomer players to participate if each plays with a newcomer partner. If a Mitchell type movement is used, then the two newcomer/non- newcomer pairs must sit in opposite directions. These pairs are ineligible for masterpoint awards from the newcomer event. In no case may the two non-newcomer players play as partners.

2. LOSS OF RANKING

Pairs in which one partner is a non-newcomer will not receive masterpoints and will not be ranked. For example, if an ineligible pair earns sufficient matchpoints to have finished second, that pair is not ranked. Instead, the third place pair is ranked second and receives the second place masterpoint awards. In such a case, all lower ranked pairs move up one rank, accordingly.

3. MASTERPOINT AWARDS

Newcomer games award masterpoints per the masterpoint limitation as in a restricted game, or the values defined based upon the number of boards played. If the number of boards played is less than twelve, the masterpoint value is the same as in a game limited to 5 masterpoints (0.3 per pair in group).


OVERALL AWARDS FOR LARGE CLUB GAMES

Club games with more than one section may issue overall awards comparing all the sections. Club games with a single section exceeding fifteen tables may also issue overall awards. Awards may not exceed 4.00 for Open clubs, 3.20 for Invitational clubs and 3.00 for Newcomer clubs. Second place would be 75% of first, third 75% of second, etc. through a maximum of six places.

PAIR AWARDS – SECTION OR OVERALL

Pairs receive their section awards or their overall award, whichever is greater, but not both. For example, a pair whose section award was 0.50 and whose overall award was 0.65 would be credited with 0.65 masterpoints. Conversely, a pair with a section award of 0.90 and an overall award of only 0.75 would be credited with the 0.90 masterpoints.

2. ADJUSTMENTS TO SECTION AWARDS

For large games, the section masterpoint awards formula for lower placements is modified to provide a smooth transition from fifteen to sixty pairs. The following applies for 16 to 59 pairs:

Calculate the placing award using the scale for overall awards for 4 session events. Second is 75% of first; third is 75% of second; lower placements use the formula:

Ap= (A1*4)/(p+5)

where Ap is the masterpoint award for a place position, A1 is the first in section award (1.50 by regulation) and p is the place position of the pair.

2. Calculate the placing award using the existing club scale for first place without the 1.50 regulation cap.

Compare the placing awards from #1 and #2 above and use the lower award.


So, as an example, the fourth place award in a twenty table game would be the lower of the values of #1 and #2. The formula in #1 gives a value of (1.50*4)/(4+5) = 6/9 = 0.67. The value under #2 would be (0.35)*(20*0.1) = 0.70. Accordingly, 0.67 would be the award given. In contrast, the fifth place award would use #2, where the value would be 0.40, in comparison to the 0.60 derived from #1.


OTHER CLUB GAMES

CRUISE CLUBS

Games held under special sanctions for sea and land cruises award masterpoints that are restricted based upon the number of boards played in the event. If the games are between 12-17 boards, the masterpoints are 50% of the award for a similarly sized Open club game. If 18 or more boards are played, then the award is 80% of an Open game. Cruise clubs are allowed to hold one club championship for every fourteen days they are at sea. The masterpoint awards from the championship use the same reductions based upon the boards in play.

2. ONLINE CLUBS

Sanctioned online games award masterpoints that have no pigmentation (“colorless”). The total number of masterpoints available to be awarded in an online club game is the same as in a comparably sized face-to-face game.

3. FLIGHTED EVENTS AT CLUBS

Open clubs that run open events concurrent with masterpoint restricted events may add the table count from the restricted event to that of their open game for determining the masterpoint awards for the open event. If the Open event is stratified (field divided based upon masterpoint levels into additional comparison fields within the event), then this addition only applies to the awards for the unrestricted Open field; lower restricted fields are based solely upon the table count within their field in the event. This addition may only be used by Open games; Invitational or Restricted games are not eligible.

Clubs that run Newcomer (under 20 masterpoint) events concurrent with their regularly sanctioned games may include the table count from the newcomer event to that of their regular game for determining the masterpoint awards for their game. This addition applies to all comparison fields in the regular game.


Special Club Games

The ACBL authorizes clubs to offer a variety of special games which provide increased masterpoints.

The ACBL has divided the special games that clubs can hold into two groups, based upon the classification rating used as a variable in the General Formula assigned to those events.


Club Special Games Class I – Rating 150% of Standard Masterpoint Game:

Club Championship Game

Unit Championship Game

Inter-Club Championship Game

Special Fund Games (Junior Fund, Charity Fund, International Fund, Grass Roots Fund & Educational Foundation)


Club Special Games Class II – Rating 200% of Standard Masterpoint Game:

Club Appreciation Game (Pairs & Team)

Club Membership Game

Upgraded Club Championship

ACBL Instant Matchpoint Game

North American Pairs

Grand National Teams

ACBL-Wide Senior Pairs

ACBL-Wide Charity Game

World Wide Bridge Contest

ACBL-Wide International Fund Game

ACBL-Wide International Fund Game – Canada

GNT Fund Raiser Games

NABC Promotional Games

Progressive Sectional Qualifying Game

Sectional Tournament at Clubs (STaC) Game

Unit/District Fund Game

Unit Extended Team Game

CNTC Master/Non Master Club Level & Canada Rookie/Master

CWTC

CNTC (Club and Unit Level)

COPC Club Level

CBF Simultaneous Pairs


A. NUMBER OF BOARDS

Clubs are allowed to hold either regular club championships (18+ boards played) or shortened club championships (12-17 boards played). The overall awards for shortened club championships are 60% of regular club championships. A shortened club championship (12-17 boards) overall award is capped at 3.60 masterpoints. Regular club championships (18+ boards) and Special Fund games Class I are capped at 6.00 masterpoints. For all other special club games (Class II), the minimum number of boards is 18 and the overall award is capped at 8.00. Specific events require a higher number of boards. That requirement is defined in the conditions of contest for those events. If a two-session special game is held, the first place award receives an additional 50% increase.


In all events, the 1st place award, rounded to the nearest one hundredth of a masterpoint, is used to compute all subsequent awards. The following table describes how these awards are calculated for the events listed under the T variable.

Overall Position


One Session


Two Sessions


Three or More Sessions

2

75% x Previous Position Award

75% x Previous Position Award

3

75% x Previous Position Award

75% x Previous Position Award

4

75% x Previous Position Award

75% x Prev. Pos. Award

See formula below

5

75% x Previous Position Award


Award (P) = (First Place Award)*(# of Sessions) _ (Overall Position + 2*(# of Sessions) - 3)

6

75% x Previous Position Award

7

75% x Previous Position Award

8

75% x Previous Position Award

9+

1st Place Award / Overall Position


Note: For six session NABC+ pair games, all pairs that qualify for the final two sessions will receive the calculated overall awards (i.e., the absolute limit will not apply).

DEPTH OF AWARDS – PAIR EVENTS

For more than 10 tables, additional awards will be given if the calculated award is not less than one (1.00) masterpoint. The depth of the award is at least 10% of the number of pairs in the field, up to a maximum of 25% of the number of pairs in the field, subject to the absolute limit on overall awards.

DEPTH OF AWARDS – TEAM EVENTS

For more than 19 tables, additional awards will be given if the calculated award is not less than one (1.00) masterpoint. The depth of the award is at least 10% of the number of teams in the field, up to a maximum of 25% of the number of teams in the field, subject to the absolute limit on overall awards.

DEPTH OF AWARDS – INDIVIDUAL EVENTS

For more than 5 tables, additional awards will be given if the calculated award is not less than one (1.00) masterpoint. The depth of the award is at least 5% of the number of players in the field, up to a maximum of 35% of the number of players in the field, subject to the absolute limit on overall awards.


B. SESSION AWARDS FOR PAIR/INDIVIDUAL EVENTS

The depth of session awards is 40% of the number of entrants in field (rounded to the nearest integer with halves rounded up). Awards for second and lower positions are based on the same percentages as for regular club masterpoint games; i.e. 70% for second, 50% for third, 35% for fourth, and lower awards as the first award divided by the place position.


Tables

Places

3

2

4

3

5-6

4

7-9

5

10 +

6


Tables

Places

3-4

1

5-6

2

7-8

3

9-12

4

13-18

5

19 +

6


Tables

Places

2

2

3

3

4

4

5 +

5


C. MATCH AWARDS IN SWISS/ROUND ROBIN TEAM EVENTS

In team events, the award for winning a match is determined based upon the number of boards played in the match and factors based upon the level of competition and classification of the event. The formula for these awards is:


Match Award = D*L*M*P

The two new factors (D & L) are defined as follows:


D A factor based on the classification of the event.


CLASSIFICATION

D FACTOR

Club Masterpoint

0.450

L A factor based on the number of boards played in a match.

For fewer than 24 boards, L = (Number of Boards)/24

For 24-47 boards, L = 1.00

For 48+ boards, L = 1.50


D. SPECIAL AWARDS IN CLUB EVENTS

For the following events at clubs, color masterpoints other than black are authorized as part of the awards.

ACBL-wide International Fund Events – Awards 50% Black/50% Red masterpoints

North American Pairs: Club Level - Awards 50% Black/50% Red masterpoints

World Wide Bridge Contest - Awards 50% Black/50% Red masterpoints

Grand National Teams: Club Level - Awards 50% Black/50% Red masterpoints

Club Appreciation Game: Teams – Awards 5% Gold masterpoints, up to maximum of 0.25 masterpoints; remaining awards are black masterpoints

ACBL Instant Matchpoint Game – Section tops include 1.00 gold masterpoints; remaining awards are 50% Black/50% Red masterpoints


The vote was 25-0. It is effective January 1, 2019.


No Trump Announcement Amend the ACBL alert chart to change the “No Trump Openings” announcement column from “State the agreed range for all natural 1NT openings” to “State the agreed range for all natural 1NT openings if not within the range of 15-17”.


The vote was 5-20. I voted no because I prefer to have the announcement. Some people play weak no trump in some situations and strong no trump in other situations. There is no mistaking the point count if the point range is announced.


Grand National Teams General Conditions of Contest - No level or stage beyond the club level may be scheduled which would prevent a player from attending one or more days of a North American Bridge Championship.


The vote was 23-2. I voted in favor of the motion. It is effective immediately.


Short Game Table Fees for Clubs - The table fees for clubs holding short games (12 to 17 boards) increase from $0.55 to $0.58.


The vote was 25-0. It is effective April 1, 2019.


Sectional Tournament Staffing – Amend Codification Chapter X, Sectionals, Section D Operations as follows:


Section 1 – Staffing


1.1 Sectional tournaments will be staffed by directors who are ACBL employees, except as noted below.


1.1.1 Sectionals with an upper masterpoint limit of 500 100 masterpoints or fewer may be run non-rated by directors who are not ACBL employees. Such directors must be certified club directors.



1.1.2 With management approval, a sponsoring organization may run a limited sectional with a maximum of 750 masterpoints using directors who are not ACBL employees.


  1. Approval will be granted or withheld at the time the sanction is approved. It is expected that approvals will be made on an exception basis and that most such applications will not be approved.

  2. Final determination will be made by the ACBL Manager of Bridge Operations in conjunction with the appropriate Area Manager.


1.1.3 Regardless of masterpoint limit, any Sectional lasting four days or longer must be staffed by an ACBL employee.


1.1.3 For tournaments not staffed by an ACBL employee, the Sectional Surcharge applies. This Surcharge is to offset the cost of processing at ACBL Headquarters that would normally be done on site by a TD.


1.1.4 Tournaments staffed by a non-employee do not use ACBL-provided hand records and do not display results on ACBL Live.

  1. Tournaments may make arrangements with a nearby ACBL TD to provide these services. Such arrangements must be made at least two weeks prior to the start of the tournament.

  2. If ACBL hand records are used, the normal charge applies. If an ACBL employee submits results to Live or provides any other support, the tournament will be charged a fee of $50 over and above all other fees and charges.


1.1.5 Regardless of staffing, all tournaments are expected to follow ACBL policies and regulations relating to permitted methods, use of bidding boxes, and non-member eligibility and charges.


The vote was 25-0. It is effective January 1, 2019.


Flight C NAP - On page 23 of the 2018 Masterpoint Book, the following change be made to the chart below:


Rating of Session Awards for Flight C NAP District Finals be adjusted from 50% of Regional rating to 62.5%


NAP DISTRICT FINALS AWARDS


Flight

First Overall

2 3 4

Session Session Session

Color Overalls Awards

Color Section Top

Color Session Awards

Rating of Session Awards

A

24.00

30.00

36.00

100%

Gold

Gold

Red

100% of Regional

B

16.00

20.00

24.00

100%

Gold

Gold

Red

70% of Regional

C

10.00

12.50

15.00

25% G

75% R

Gold/Red

Red

62.5% of Regional



The vote was 25-0. It is effective January 1, 2019.


Baze Senior KO - Defer the Baze Senior KO for one year to the Summer 2019 Las Vegas NABC. This is a reconsideration from the Board of Governors since the Baze Senior KO was removed from the Fall NABC schedule in 2019.


The vote was 17-8. I voted yes. It is effective January 1, 2019.


Conditions of Contest – Approve the 2019 Conditions of Contest.


The vote was 24-0-1. It is effective January 1, 2019.


Operating and Capital Budget - The 2019 operating budget and the 2018 capital budget are received.


The vote was 25-0.


Late Fees for Clubs - Codification Chapter VI – Club Sanctioned Games, Section A. ACBL Sanctions for Club Masterpoint Games be amended as follows:


Section 5–Sanctioned Club Game Requirements


5.1 Manager


5.1.1 Every ACBL sanctioned masterpoint club game must designate an active ACBL member in good standing with all service fees and dues paid as its manager. The club manager is accountable to the ACBL for the enforcement of ACBL rules and regulations in all sanctioned games the club conducts. The club manager must supervise the following activities:


(a) Preparation and filing of the Monthly Financial and Masterpoint Report(s). The signature of the club manager must be on the form when it is filed.

(b) Correspondence with the ACBL on club game matters

(c) Application for sanction renewals and reporting any change of club managers, club address or session changes on an online form provided by the ACBL or by email.


5.2 Late Charge for Overdue Club Monthly Financial Reports and Rating Masterpoint Point Reports


5.2.1 Club managers who do not submit timely club reports will be charged $.25/day after the 10th of the month up to a maximum of $5.00 for the first month. These clubs will be notified that such reports must be submitted along with any late charges within 30 days. If a report and late charges are not received within the 30 days, an additional $25.00 charge will be assessed and the club will be suspended until the report and monies due, including the late charges, are received at Headquarters.

The vote was 25-0. The effective date is January 1, 2019.


NABC Fees – Increase entry fees at NABC’s to $30 for NABC+ events, $22 for other NABC events, $20 for regional events and $20 for unlimited single session events.  No change in the $15 entry fee for Intermediate/Newcomer events.


The vote was 14-9-1. I voted no because there was not an increase in cost for players using screens which is very expensive. Also, I commented that $20 is too much to pay for a regional event. It is effective June 1, 2019.


NABC Financial Plan – Amend Chapter VIII – North American Bridge Championships, Appendix 8C NABC Financial Plan as follows:


NABC FINANCIAL PLAN

Allocations to the local organization in support of an NABC will be divided into the following three categories:

  1. Services and materials directly funded and provided by ACBL.

  2. Funds provided to the local organization based upon table count.

  3. A number of sleeping rooms provided for the local host organization.

  1. Services and Materials provided by ACBL

  1. Player Hospitality – The ACBL will host a welcome party on the first Friday of the NABC.

  2. The ACBL will provide a snack for the players on the first Thursday and from Saturday to Saturday after the evening session. The ACBL will confer with the local committee on the choice of snacks to provide local flavor.

  3. The ACBL will provide a $2 coupon to be used at the concessions for each player at the 10 and 3 games.

  4. The local committee may choose a welcome gift for the players. The cost of the welcome gift is not to exceed $5 inclusive of tax and shipping to Horn Lake and is submitted to the Meeting Planner for approval. The ACBL will order and pay for the welcome gifts.

  5. The local committee may choose a section top prize for the players.  The cost of the prize is not to exceed $4 inclusive of tax and shipping and must be submitted to the Meeting Planner for approval.  The ACBL will order and pay for the prizes

  6. Printing, as approved by ACBL - to include the souvenir program, restaurant guide, flyers and other promotional materials.

  7. Intermediate/Newcomer Program - ACBL will arrange for and compensate all Intermediate/Newcomer program speakers. ACBL will provide promotional material to clubs and to players with fewer than 100 masterpoints within the area of dominant influence of the tournament.  

  8. The local committee may choose a welcome gift for the Intermediate/Newcomer players. The cost of the welcome gift is not to exceed $3 inclusive of tax and shipping to Horn Lake and is submitted to the ACBL Meeting Planner for approval. The ACBL will order and pay for the Intermediate/Newcomer welcome gifts.

  9. Supplies - ACBL will provide signs, bulletin boards, registration cards, partnership cards, etc.

  10. Vu-Graph - ACBL will produce and fund the vu-graph program for the major team event finals.

  11. ACBL will host a dinner prior to the tournament for key local volunteers or provide the local committee with $5,000 in lieu of a local volunteer dinner.

  12. The ACBL will provide 350 $10 coupons to be applied against entry fees for local volunteers.

  13. The local committee is responsible for any other expenditures and is encouraged to raise additional funds through the NABC promotional games and event sponsorship. The local committee may choose to use local funds to supplement the ACBL funds for either specific items or additional items/events.  

  1. Funds provided to the Local Organization

NABC funds are provided for the implementation of the activities and services at the NABC.  

Approximately one year in advance, management shall provide an allocated dollar amount that will be provided to the host organization for reimbursement of expenses. If the tournament is projected to be larger than 10,000 tables, the amount will be based on the estimated number of tables @ $11.50 per table. Should the actual table count exceed the estimated table count, an additional $11.50 per table will be provided to the host organization.  

Management will ensure adequate funds are provided to meet minimum hospitality requirements for sites with estimates of fewer than 10,000 tables.

The following requirements must be met to receive funds from ACBL in support of an NABC:

  1. Intermediate/ Newcomer Program: The local organization must follow program guidelines as listed in the tournament chair’s manual.  

  2. Player Hospitality: Provide a minimum of eight player hospitality functions. Team event finals featured on vugraph may be included as a hospitality function if food, beverage or other amenity is provided with the program. Plans should be discussed with the ACBL Meeting Planner before they are finalized.  

  3. Registration/Information: Provide players with a registration gift. Registration gift costs should not exceed $5 each (including tax and shipping) to be taken out of funds provided by ACBL. Minimum value for registration gifts should be $3$4. Any expense for registration gifts over $5 (including tax and shipping) each will be the responsibility of the local organization. Gifts must be approved by the Meeting Planner to avoid duplication.  

  4. Volunteer Hospitality: Some form of hospitality should be provided for volunteer workers. This may be in the form of a hospitality suite with snacks between sessions, meal tickets, scrip, free parking or other methods of recognition and appreciation.


  1. Sleeping Rooms for volunteers  

  1. Rooms will be provided to key committee chair during the time their presence on site is necessary to the smooth running of the NABC. This may include the following committee chairs:

Partnership

Registration

Player Hospitality

Information

Intermediate/Newcomer

Section Tops/Awards

  1. Up to three more rooms will be provided as needed for other committee chairs, to include:

Volunteers

Caddies

Special Events (Tours)

Transportation

Tournament Co-Chairman

  1. The tournament chair will be provided with a one-bedroom suite.  In short, ACBL will provide 10 guest rooms for volunteers, plus a one-bedroom suite for the tournament chair.  

  1. ACBL will provide a one-bedroom suite for the host district director.

Other Funds Provided by ACBL

Please contact the Meeting Planner for more information.  


The vote was 24-1. I voted in favor of the motion. It is effective immediately.

Masterpoint Committee – Deferred from 2018 Atlanta Summer Meeting -

CHAPTER IV – ACBL BOARD OF DIRECTORS, D – COMMITTEES, Section 25 – Other ACBL Bodies be appended as follows to add a new Masterpoint Committee subsection:

5.10           Masterpoint Committee

5.10.1     The purpose of the Masterpoint Committee is to review the allocation of masterpoint awards and make policy-based recommendations to the Board of Directors. The Masterpoint Committee reviews the allocation of masterpoints and makes recommendations to ensure: (a) overall consistency in masterpoint awards, (b) an appropriate balance in awards between types of events, (c) appropriate award levels among finishers within an event, and (d) clarity of requirements and formulas for those organizations responsible for calculating masterpoints.

5.10.2 The Masterpoint Committee will consist of a minimum of seven members, three of whom shall be appointed at-large by the Board President upon consultation with the Chairman of the Board of Governors, two of whom shall be members of the Board of Directors as set forth in subsection 5.10.4 below and two of whom shall be ACBL employees appointed by the Executive Director. Two of the members are members of the Board of Directors. Three of the members are appointed by the ACBL President. Two members are ACBL employees.

5.10.3    The three at-large appointees of the Chairman of the Board of Governors shall be neither ACBL employees nor members of the Board of Directors. The Chairman of the Board of Governors shall make recommendations for the three at-large appointees, and the ACBL President shall choose from among these recommendations.

5.10.4    The ACBL President and the Chair of the Bridge Committee shall be voting ex-officio members of the Masterpoint Committee. If either or both of these voting ex-officio members prefers not to be on the Masterpoint Committee, then the ACBL President may delegate the duties to a replacement from among the Board of Directors. In addition, any member of the Board of Directors may elect to become a member of the Masterpoint Committee by so notifying the ACBL President. Management shall annually appoint two members to the Masterpoint committee.

5.10.5   The term of office for the three at-large members shall be staggered three-year terms.

5.10.6    The Chair of the Masterpoint Committee shall be annually selected from among the committee members.

5.10.7    The Masterpoint Committee members will be appointed and confirmed at the Spring NABC. The term of office will begin on the day following the end of the Spring NABC and will expire on the day following the end of the appropriate subsequent Spring NABC.

5.10.8    If a member of the committee is unable to serve his entire term for any reason, the vacancy so created will be filled by the ACBL President at the next meeting of the Board of Directors, subject to Board approval. The newly appointed member will serve the remainder of the unexpired term

5.10.9    Members of the Masterpoint Committee who are not members of the ACBL Board of Directors or employees of the ACBL will receive one two-session entry per meeting to an NABC+ event or lower. It is good for one year from date of receipt. Only those in attendance for all required meetings will be compensated.

5.10.10  Any member of the Masterpoint Committee that has an unexcused absence, as determined by the committee Chair, for three consecutive meetings will be considered as having resigned and the ACBL President will appoint someone to finish out the remaining term.

5.10.11 Recommendations of the committee that require incorporation into systems that compute masterpoints are due by April 15th so that they may be reviewed and voted on in the Summer Board meeting.

5.10.12 The initial work requested of the Masterpoint Committee is a report no longer than three pages summarizing in a non-technical way the status and major issues of the Masterpoint Committee. The ACBL President and Chair of the Bridge Committee may jointly agree to change all or any part of the initial work request.

5.10.13  Motions passed by this committee potentially require two readings of the Board of Directors.

5.10.14  Any motion within the scope of the Masterpoint Committee’s work should be submitted through the Masterpoint Committee.  That is, the standard process is that the Masterpoint Committee reviews all motions within its scope prior to a vote by the full Board of Directors


The vote was 22-2-1. I voted yes. It is effective immediately.


Reduction, Relocation, and Rescheduling of BOD Meetings – Amend Codification Chapter IV- ACBL Board of Directors Section C. - Meetings - as follows:


The Board of Directors will meet prior to each the Summer NABC at the site of the Summer NABC.   It will also have a face-to-face meeting in early calendar 1st Qtr of each year in a location conveniently located close to the site of the ACBL HQ.  The goal of the members of the Board of Directors is to have shorter meetings with more work being done in advance electronically and otherwise. The spring and summer meetings will end on the day before the Board of Governors meeting, the length of each meeting will be determined by the ACBL President in consultation with management.


Section 2 – Conduct of Meetings

          

2.4 - Annual Actions

         

2.4.1 - The president and the treasurer will be elected at each fall 1st Qtr meeting.  The term of office will begin on the day of election and continue until the election of new officers at the following winter meeting.


2.4.3 – The operating budget for the following calendar year will be approved at the fall summer meetings.


The vote was 4-19-2. I voted no. If there are to be changes to the way the ACBL Board does business, it must be a comprehensive, well thought out plan.


ACBL Board of Directors Behavioral Code - Codification Chapter IV – Board Procedures, A. Administration, Section 5 – ACBL Board of Directors Behavioral Code be rescinded in its entirety and replaced with:


Section 5 - ACBL Board of Directors Behavioral Code

5.1 The Board of Directors is Sole Judge of the deportment of its members.  The Board has the right and obligation to enforce its own rules and to require that its members refrain from conduct injurious to the ACBL and its purposes.

5.2 A Committee of the Corporation to be known as the Board Oversight Committee is hereby authorized to investigate and report its findings and recommendations to the Board of Directors regarding issues of conduct by Board Members.

5.3 The Board Oversight Committee will consist of three members, The Chairman of the Board as the committee chairman and the two most immediate past presidents currently on the Board.  

5.3.1 If any, or all, of the above are ineligible to serve because they are no longer on the Board or are the subject of the complaint, then the Board member(s) with the longest tenure will fill any vacancy(s).  Should there be more than one member eligible to fill any vacancy, the decision will be made by a coin toss.

5.4 The Board Oversight Committee will receive complaints from any member of the Board of Directors or the Executive Director concerning inappropriate behavior of a Board member. The committee will conduct a confidential investigation and review the facts of the case, making any necessary inquiries of the parties involved.

5.5 Offenses for which Board members may be referred to the Board Oversight Committee include, but are not limited to:

5.5.1 Inappropriate communication with any ACBL employee by telephone, mail, email or in person. Inappropriate communication includes, but is not limited to, condescending, rude or insulting remarks, and requests for significant amounts of information without going through the appropriate committee chairman.

5.5.2 Sexually explicit remarks or behavior toward any employee.    

5.5.3 Condescending, rude or insulting remarks made to another board member or chairman of the Board of Governors in a board meeting or by phone, mail, or email.

5.5.4 Conduct that would embarrass or damage the credibility of the ACBL or the Board of Directors.

5.5.5 Discussing any personnel matter, other than in a private conversation, in any forum except an Executive Session of the Board of Directors.

5.5.6 Breaching the confidentiality of any ACBL business discussion designated as confidential.

5.5.7 Failing to comply with the requirements of Codification Chapter IV, Section 8 Conflict of Interest Policy.

5.5.8 Actively engaging in a campaign for a Unit, District or ACBL elected position in districts other than his own.

5.5.9 Any action tending to injure the good name of the ACBL, disturb its well-being, or hamper it in its mission.

5.6 The Board Oversight Committee has no power to require the accused, or any other person, to appear before it, but it should quietly conduct a complete investigation to learn all relevant facts.  Information obtained in strict confidence may help the committee to form an opinion, but it may not be reported to the Board of Directors or used in a hearing before the Board of Directors (see 5.11), except as may be possible without bringing out the confidential particulars.

5.7 Any board member accused of an offense will be promptly informed of the details of such offense, and will have the right to address the Board Oversight Committee and present evidence before any action is taken.

5.8 If, after investigation, the committee’s opinion is favorable to the accused, no discipline is warranted, and the matter can be resolved satisfactorily, no further action will be required, and the matter will be considered closed.

5.9 If the committee decides that disciplines are appropriate, the case will be presented to the Board of Directors by the committee in an Executive Session of the Board at its next regular meeting or at any special meeting called for that purpose.

5.10 The accused has the right to be informed of the charge, given time to prepare his defense, and to appear and defend himself.

5.11 A case before the board cannot legally establish the guilt of the accused, as understood in a court of law, it can only establish his guilt as affecting the best interests of the ACBL.  Witnesses are not sworn, and hearsay evidence is admissible.  The name(s) of the accuser(s) will not be divulged to anyone except the three members of the Board Oversight Committee.

5.12 The Board, after hearing all the evidence, can determine that there is no basis for a complaint or that punishment is warranted.  

5.13 If the Board determines by a majority vote of all those voting that punishment is warranted, the following will apply.  The Board member who is the subject of the case may not vote on the matter.  

5.13.1 The Board may, by majority vote of all those voting, approve a motion to reprimand or privately censure the member.  

5.13.2 The Board may, by majority vote of all those voting, approve a motion to publicly censure the member.   If the member is publicly censured, a public censure will be included in the minutes.  The motion will only say that the board has censured the member.  No other details will appear in the minutes.

5.13.3 The Board may, by majority vote of all those voting, approve a motion to remove an officer elected by the Board from his position.

5.13.4 As it deems necessary the Board may, by majority vote of all those voting, approve motions setting forth more stringent punishments such as removal from committee chairmanship or membership or other punishment deemed appropriate by the Board of Directors.

5.14 Nothing in this resolution will replace or abrogate ACBL Human Resources policy or the ACBL Code of Disciplinary Regulations with regard to sexual harassment of ACBL, district or unit employees.

5.15 Other than as relates to board duties, no board member will use his board member status to receive preferential treatment from League staff and, where possible and appropriate, will take reasonable, affirmative steps to avoid receiving such preferential treatment.

The vote was 20-4-1. I voted yes.

Alignment of Committees referenced in the Codification with Bylaws – This is a “housekeeping” motion to update Chapter IV, D in the Codification to reflect recent changes to our Bylaws based are needed in order to conform to New York state law.  Committees are now grouped according to whether they are Committees of the Corporation, the Board, Other, or Other ACBL Bodies, e.g., there are no longer Standing Committees.


The vote was 25-0.


Zonal Conference – Amend Codification Chapter VII, Paragraph A, Zone 2 NBOs, Section 1.2 as follows:


1.2 The ACBL recognizes the ACBL Board of Directors North American Bridge Federation as the Zonal Conference (Authority) for Zone 2, which consists of the following for International WBF Play:


a. USBF

b. CBF

c. FMB


The vote was 23-2. I voted yes. The effective date is January 1, 2019 or at such a later date upon inception of the NABF.


WBF Rep Expenses – Moved that the following sections of the Codification be amended or stricken and replaced with the title “abrogated” when removed as indicated:


Codification Chapter IV, B, 3 WBF Rep Expenses be stricken


Section 3 - WBF Representatives Reimbursement of Expenses for WBF elected representatives will be from the ACBL General Fund. Following are the regulations governing this reimbursement.


3.1 Airfare - Actual ticket price reflecting the lowest direct service fare available for travel at reasonable times for the travel dates. In addition, reasonable actual expenses for transportation to and from airports at home and at the tournament location. There is no expense reimbursement for spouse/companion.


3.2 Per diem - Reimbursement for meals will be paid on the basis of the applicable IRS meals-only per diem rate for travel within the 48 continental United States (including the District of Columbia) (“CONUS”). For travel outside CONUS meals-only per diem will be paid at the applicable IRS per diem meals-only rate for the highest cost CONUS city. The ACBL Treasurer will consider paying a higher per diem to the WBF representatives if higher costs are involved due to location of the WBF meetings.


3.3 Hotel - Actual double occupancy room cost at the headquarters hotel beginning no sooner than one day prior to the opening ceremony and concluding no later than the night of the day when the last official meeting/function was held. Payment for hotel expenses will not exceed seven nights. Exception to this rule may be allowed to secure a less expensive air ticket in order to achieve overall savings.


3.4 WBF representatives, whether ACBL board members or not, are expected to attend all regular WBF meetings held during the seven days for which their hotel is reimbursed per 3.3 above, starting with the first meeting, and any special meetings called by the WBF President during that time period. In addition, WBF representatives are expected to attend WBF committee meetings of which they are members during that seven-day period. Failure to do so will result in a reduction in the amount of expense reimbursement allowed, unless there are extenuating circumstances, such as illnesses, as determined by the ACBL Treasurer.


3.5 Should a WBF representative be unable to attend WBF meetings, the President of the ACBL will serve as alternate. In the event that the President is himself a WBF representative or cannot attend, he will designate another member of the ACBL Board of Directors as alternate.

Codification Chapter IV, B, 5.1 Other Expense Reimbursement be amended as follows:


Section 5 - Other Expense Reimbursement


5.1 Expenses for non-board members and board members traveling on ACBL business other than board and WBF meetings will be reimbursed on the same basis as travel to board meetings. With the exception of guests of the President described in Section 1.4 above, there will be no reimbursement for expenses of guests.


Codification Chapter VII, A, 1.6 Player and Captain Eligibility be stricken and be renumbered


1.6 Zone 2 requirements for nomination are as follows:


1.6.1 A Zone 2 NBO may nominate a player for invitation to play in a WBF Championship only if he:


  1. is a citizen or a resident (per the appropriate Federation’s regulations) of the United States, Canada, or Mexico as appropriate,

  1. is a member in good standing of the USBF, CBF or MBF as appropriate,

  1. meets WBF criteria and/or conditions for nominations, Chapter 7, A.2

  1. will not, at the time of the event or trials for the event be under suspension or expulsion from the ACBL or any other NBO,



  1. will not, at the time of the event or trials for the event be under ACBL or ABA probation where the period of such probation was more than 90 days,


  1. has not been specifically excluded from playing in such event by an appropriate disciplinary body under ACBL or ABA jurisdiction,



Codification Chapter VII, B, 1-3 be stricken and renumbered


Section 3 - Reimbursement of Expenses


3.1 Airfare, hotel and per diem for ACBL representatives to attend World Bridge Federation Executive Council meetings are paid by the WBF.


3.2 WBF representatives, whether ACBL Board members or not, are expected to attend all regular WBF Executive Council meetings held during the seven days starting with the first meeting, and any special meetings called by the WBF

President during that seven day time period. In addition, WBF representatives are expected to attend WBF committee meetings of which they are members during that seven day period, unless a representative is a member of two or more committees which are holding meetings at the same time, in which event the representative shall attend one of the conflicting committee meetings.


3.3 No expenses will be paid by the ACBL to the ACBL's WBF representatives for attending the annual WBF Executive meeting.


Codification Chapter XV Elected Positions be amended as follows:


WBF Representatives

Exp

Al Levy 2018

Paul Janicki 2018

Merlin Vilhauer 2019

Georgia Heth 2020

Howard Weinstein 2020


Codification Chapter VII, Section 4, International Bridge be stricken:


Section 4 – WBF Special Meeting

4.1 The ACBL will host, when held in Zone 2 during an NABC, a WBF Management Committee or Officers Meeting. No more than one such meeting shall be hosted per year.

4.2 The ACBL shall provide up to 50 room nights including one junior suite for up to five nights; light refreshments during the meeting; up to four lunches for 10 people during the meetings; and appropriate meeting space for up to four days.


Codification Appendix 4A-1 Paragraph IV be stricken:


IV. World Bridge


The ACBL President heads the largest bridge league in the world, and as president of ACBL is also president of Zone II of the World Bridge Federation. Other zones are keenly interested in activities in North America and the President is called upon to annually provide a written report to the WBF Executive Council detailing activities and items of general interest to the Executive Council. This report will be distributed to all zonal conferences. The president is always invited to world championships, but it is entirely his/her option whether to attend or not. If the president decides not to attend, his report will be read for him by one of the ACBL Representatives to the WBF.


The vote was 24-1. I voted yes.


GLM Players Eligibility  - Modify Chapter XIII, Section F, Paragraph 1.1.4(b) of the Codification to read as follows:

(b) Flighted (By masterpoints only). Three flights event. Each flight may have two strats.

Note:  Flighted KO events at Regionals may be bracketed (but may not be randomly grouped) to finish in 4 sessions. Any player who has won an event that would qualify that individual to be designated Grand Life Master when 10,000 masterpoints are accumulated, will automatically be entered into the top flight of the particular event.



Chapter XIII, Section F, Paragraph 1.1.4(c) of the Codification shall be modified to read as follows:

(c) Stratified: (By masterpoints only). Two or three strats. Up to five strats are permitted in a one-session event which has an upper limit of 300 or fewer masterpoints – specifically an IN event. Note:  At sponsor option, the stratification of a team in an Open Stratified Swiss Event may be determined by the average master point holding of all team members. Any player who has won an event that would qualify that individual to be designated Grand Life Master when 10,000 masterpoints are accumulated, will automatically be entered into the top strat of the particular event.



Chapter XIII, Section F, Paragraph 1.1.4(f) of the Codification shall be modified to read as follows:



f. Bracketed (KO and Swiss Teams) Based on masterpoint holding of entrants. Any player who has won an event that would qualify that individual to be designated Grand Life Master when 10,000 masterpoints are accumulated, will automatically be assigned the higher of their actual masterpoint holdings or 10,000 masterpoints when determining their team’s bracket designation. In a Bracketed Swiss in which the top bracket is open to all teams, or in which there is a Flight A/X Swiss being played simultaneously, such player shall be placed in the top bracket, or Stratum A of the Flight A/X Swiss, as applicable.


The vote was 14-10-1. I voted no because I believe that bracketed teams should be able to play in the bracket in which their masterpoints total places them. Teams always have the option to request the top bracket.


Sternberg Memorial Trophy – In Atlanta, the Board voted to delete this Women’s Board-A-Match event due to the lack of players entering the event. This motion removed Chapter I Membership, H. Awards and Trophies, Section 3 Specific Trophies of the Codification Section 3.1 which related to the Marsha May Sternberg Memorial Trophy.


The vote was 25-0.


Session Fees - This was a non-agenda item added on the last day of our meetings. It was moved that $10.00 per session/per pair and $20.00 per session/per team be added to all events at NABC’s at the point screens are introduced.  


The vote was 18-7. I voted yes. It is effective June 1, 2019.

If you have any comments or questions, please email me at jackiezayac@gmail.com.


I wish you all a healthy and happy 2019,